Itchy eyes - itchy eyes: causes, treatment, and home remedies
Triggers and effective treatment for itchy eyes
If there are complaints of itchy eyes, in most cases these are caused by infection, a stye and allergies, as well as dry eyes and overexertion. As important sensory organs, our eyes should be treated properly to prevent serious effects on vision.'
The type, duration and accompanying symptoms of the itchy eyes provide information on the cause and thus on appropriate treatment. If a bacterial infection is suspected or severe accompanying symptoms occur, an examination by an ophthalmologist is essential. In many cases, itchy eyes can be relieved or eliminated by naturopathic and naturopathic home remedies.
Itchy eyes: symptoms and accompanying symptoms
Itchy, burning and reddened eyes indicate a possible conjunctivitis (conjunctivitis), which often complains about a foreign body sensation in the eye and increased tearing.
Itchy eyes are often related to an allergy, but they can also have other causes. (Image: vladimirfloyd / fotolia.com)
The eye pain can only be felt locally, but can sometimes lead to a general headache. Especially after waking up, the eyes are often stuck together with secretions. These secretions can be thin, slimy or purulent. Colorless liquid suggests an infection with viruses, while a yellowish-purulent secretion indicates bacteria.
The causative germs can get into the eye through contamination by smear infection, for example when sharing towels or kohl pencils, but they can also be brought to the conjunctiva of the eye by rubbing the eyes with the hands. Permanent irritation with poorly fitting contact lenses can encourage the colonization of germs.
Causes of Itchy Eyes
Infectious diseases, such as measles, dysentery or typhus, can lead to conjunctivitis with the symptoms mentioned. To be on the safe side, any inflammation in the eye should be clarified by a specialist and then treated according to its cause.
Only bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics, although in less severe cases herbal alternatives to antibiotics can be used. Furthermore, preparations made from eyebright herb and fennel are recommended for internal use, externally compresses with eyebright, marigold or arnica can be applied for minor complaints or drops and ready-made ointments made from appropriate medicinal plants from the pharmacy can be used.
Itchy eyes from stye
Itchy eyes, with swelling below the eyelid and redness and pain in the affected area, may be caused by a stye.
The stye, also called hordoleum, got its name from the typical stye-sized thickening on the eyelid, which is usually caused by inflammation of the hair follicle. The purulent, nodular inflammation is painful, palpable and sometimes leads to sensitivity to light and tears in the eyes.
Stye can cause itchy eyes. This is an inflammation of the eyelid glands, which is usually caused by bacteria. (Image: eyeQ / fotolia.com)
The cause is the bacterial infection of a gland in the eyelid with pus-forming staphylococci, which can spread through smear infection. Under no circumstances should the itching of the eyes be relieved by rubbing in the initial stage or the pus should be squeezed out in the later stage, as this can lead to repeated inflammation and spread of the infection to the healthy eye. For this reason, make-up on the eyes, especially with eyelid pencils and mascara, should be avoided until the inflammation subsides.
If the barley grains form noticeably often, this can be an indication of diabetes mellitus, which can be determined by a doctor's blood sugar test. The inflammation on the eyelid is generally treated with dry heat applications. Conventionally, antibiotics are applied externally, and homeopathically - depending on the symptoms - various remedies are available, of which Staphisagria and Pulsatilla are mainly used for a stye.
In order to prevent inflammation of the eyelid gland, great attention should be paid to cleanliness and hygiene, e.g. through frequent changes of face towels, make-up utensils and regular hand washing.
Itchy eyes with allergies
Itchy eyes are often seen as a sign of an allergic reaction. Other symptoms of an allergy can include burning eyes, reddening of the eyes, photophobia and tearing. Furthermore, there are sneezing attacks, runny nose and asthma, which most often occur in the context of a pollen allergy.
This allergy of the immediate type, also known as hay fever, leads to discomfort, especially in the spring weeks of the year. Other triggers that often lead to allergic symptoms of the mucous membranes and conjunctiva are contact with animal hair or inhalation of house dust.
Even if the symptoms consist of runny nose and itchy eyes, allergies are processes that affect the entire body. While conventional measures consist primarily in the administration of antihistamines and cortisone preparations for the short-term suppression of excessive immune reactions, naturopathic methods are aimed at changing the mood of the organism, which is to be followed by a normalization of the reaction situation. Examples of such naturopathic treatments are autologous blood therapy and autologous urine therapy.
Dry eyes and eye irritation
The reason for the complaints can be a long-term dry eye or irritation of the eye from foreign bodies and thermal influences. In addition to the itching of the eyes, there is a "grain of sand feeling", burning and reddening of the eyes.
Badly fitting contact lenses can quickly lead to unpleasant eye irritation. (Image: Knut Wiarda / fotolia.com)
Dry eyes often occur when too little water is drunk or after hours of working at a computer screen, because the blinking of the eye is reduced. Sometimes, however, there is also inflammation or drainage disorders in the area of the tear ducts, which prevent adequate moisture in the eyes.
Eye irritation can also be caused by contact with irritating gases, chemicals, cosmetics or contact lens care products, as well as by wearing poorly fitting contact lenses. In addition to drinking enough fluids and avoiding irritating factors, an eye bath with cool, clear water can do just as well as cotton pads soaked in rose water that are placed on the eyes.
Overexertion and ametropia
Itchy eyes sometimes occur in the context of overexertion, especially in combination with ametropia. Regular long periods of time in front of screens also play a role here. Whereas in the past it was only TV and PC screens that occupied our eyes every day, today electronic entertainment devices such as MP3 players and smartphones with much smaller displays, images and characters are added to everyday life.
Especially in combination with an imbalanced ametropia, the eyes will sooner or later be overwhelmed, which then dry out, itch or burn. In addition, eye fatigue and headaches can develop quickly.
Long reading in poor lighting conditions or concentrated driving in the dark can lead to overstrained, itchy eyes, especially if no or poorly adapted eyewear is worn.
Regular examinations by an ophthalmologist and optician are the safest measures to prevent the symptoms. In addition, eyestrain should be avoided by taking regular breaks in the screen or reading.
Home remedies for itchy eyes
A quick and easy first aid measure for itchy eyes is cucumber. These have an anti-inflammatory effect and can therefore often provide relief from the symptoms. Cut a few thin slices from a thoroughly washed, unpeeled cucumber and place them in the refrigerator compartment for about 15 minutes. Then place the cold cucumber slices on the affected eye for at least ten minutes.
A green tea rinse can also be helpful. For this, two bags of the tea are boiled in half a liter of distilled water. Let the infusion cool down and rinse your eyes several times a day. (jvs, no)